Rafael Maria Landívar y Bustamante, SJ
GUATEMALA, 1943, the 150th anniversary of Landívar's death, Scott 308
GUATEMALA, 1981, the 250th anniversary of his birth and the repatriation of his body, Scott C778-9
Rafael Landívar was born in Guatemala October 27, 1731, entered the Jesuits in 1750, and taught philosophy and theology in Guatemala. Banished from the Spanish colonies, he retired to Italy and wrote a five-volume Latin poem, Rusticatio Mexicana, that has caused him to be called the national poet of Guatemala. He died and was buried in Bologna, but later at the demand of students, his body was translated from Bologna to Guatemala.
Landivar made an etching of Bishop Payo Enríquez de Rivera Manrique, OSA , the original of which is in the Jesuit residence in Madrid. It has appeared thirteen times on the postage of Guatemala.
GUATEMALA, Scott 315 (1945), 343-46 (1952), 379 (1959)
GUATEMALA, Scott C137 (1946), C269 (1963), C311-15 (1964)