Peter Pázmány, SJ
HUNGARY, 1935, the tercentenary of the founding of the University of Budapest by Cardinal Pázmány, Scott 492, 494-95
his image based on an engraving by J. G. Rugendas
SLOVAKIA, 1939, during the German occupation and the delimitation of boundaries in March 1939, Slovakia was given its independence (but subject to German protection for 25 years); the village of Ceklis (today Bernolákovo) was assigned to Slovakia, and the return of the village was welcomed with this local overprint on Hungarian stamps that were being used in Slovakia at the time.
Peter Pázmány was born in Nagyvarad, Hungary. He converted from Protestantism to Catholicism in 1583 and joined the Jesuits four years later. He studied in Vienna and Rome, and then taught philosophy and theology at Graz and in his homeland. An outstanding and learned orator, he focused on the points of difference between Catholics and Reformers. He became Archbishop of Esztergom in 1616, and cardinal in 1629, and founded schools in Nagyszombat (Trnava), Vienna, and Bratislava. He was of great influence in religion, politics, and the development of the literary language of Hungary.
HUNGARY, 1935, the tercentenary of the founding of the University of Budapest by Cardinal Pázmány, Scott 493, 496-97
based on an 1885 painting by Austrian artist Hans Temple (1857-1931)
of Pázmány and two other Jesuits signing the document that founded the university.
SLOVAKIA, 1939, German occupation local overprint (see above)
HUNGARY, 1985, the 350th anniversary of the University of Budapest, now called Eötvös Loránd University, Scott 2917
the label se-tenant with this stamp bears the front and reverse of a university commemorative medal.
CZECHOSLOVAKIA, from a black proof of a design that did not make it into print,
to honor the 350th anniversary of the University of Trnava in 1985
By 1985 the government were distressed at the growing interest in religion on the part of young people in Czechoslovakia
and blamed the education system, which did not sufficiently stress a scientific-atheistic education.
HUNGARY, 2000, one of two se-tenant strips of the history of Hungary, Scott 3724
the last stamp shows Cardinal Peter Pázmány and the future University of Budapest, 3724e
In the upper right corner Pazmany's great theological and apologetic work, Isteni igazságra vezérlo kalauz (Guide to Divine Truth), published in 1613, a refutation of non-Catholic doctrine and a masterpiece of Hungarian prose.